Pelvic Organ Prolapse

Pelvic Organ Prolapse

Pelvic Organ Prolapse (POP) is a condition in which a woman’s reproductive or pelvic organs fall into or through her vaginal opening.


Pelvic Organ Prolapse (POP) is a condition in which a woman’s reproductive or pelvic organs fall into or through her vaginal opening.  There are several types of POP.

  • Cystocele – In this type of prolapse, the bladder falls out of its natural position and causes urinary incontinence and pain.  Also called a “dropped” or “bulging” bladder, this is the most common type of prolapse.  Most cystoceles occur following child birth or a hysterectomy.  Symptoms include vaginal pressure and urinary incontinence.
  • Rectocele – This prolapse occurs when the rectum bulges into the vaginal area.  Rectoceles may cause constipation and fecal incontinence.
  • Enterocele – Similar to a hernia, an enterocele is also called a small bowel prolapse.  This prolapse often occurs along with a vaginal – vault prolapse in women who have had hysterectomies.
  • Vaginal – vault prolapse – A vaginal vault prolapse occurs only in women who have had a hysterectomy.  A vaginal vault prolapse causes severe pressure and organ bulging into the vaginal area.  This is the most advanced stage of pelvic prolapse.
  • Uterine prolapse – A uterine prolapse is when the muscles and ligaments that support the uterus become weak, allowing the uterus to sag.


The Problem

POP is a medical condition that occurs when the muscles and tissue of the pelvic floor become weak and are no longer able to fully support the pelvic organs.  This weakness can occur following childbirth or as a result of advancing age.  The lack of support causes the pelvic organs to prolapse, or drop, from their normal position.  The rectum, bowel, bladder, uterus, and vagina are all pelvic organs that may prolapse, but bladder prolapse is the most common type of POP.  When the pelvic organs drop from their normal position, they may protrude into the vaginal vault and cause discomfort and interfere with normal body functions.  Women with POP’s may experience urinary incontinence, have difficulty with defecation, and may find sexual intercourse to be painful.


The Treatment

Sometimes women try to treat POP with nonsurgical options such as Kegel exercises or a pessary.  If these treatments are not successful, the next step is typically surgery.  Surgical repair of a POP can be done through the abdomen or through the vagina.  These repairs can be performed by restoring the prolapsed organ to its normal position and stitching it into place.  In recent years, surgeons have implanted surgical mesh to support the vaginal wall.  Vaginal mesh is implanted into the vaginal wall in order to reinforce an area that is weak.


Vaginal Mesh Complications

Erosion, extrusion, and contraction of mesh after implantation often create the need for additional surgery to correct problems.  Because the vaginal wall tissue grows in and around the mesh, it is often difficult for surgeons to perform a revision surgery.  Complications that can arise from vaginal mesh implants include infection, bleeding, vaginal scarring, pain during intercourse, recurrence of prolapse, and surrounding organ or blood vessel perforation.


If you have experienced complications from a vaginal mesh implant, call the Law Office of Richard Langerman today to learn how to receive the compensation you are entitled to for damages incurred from any of the following:

  • Loss of wages
  • Loss of sexual intimacy
  • Loss of quality of life
  • Pain and suffering
  • Medical expenses


Schedule a free initial consultation today by calling (602) 240-5525.